Malaria infection is a mosquito-borne infectious disease caused by the Plasmodium parasite.
The symptoms of malaria can vary depending on the type of parasite causing the infection, the individual’s immune response, and other factors.
Here are some common symptoms associated with malaria:
Fever: A high fever is often the first and most prominent symptom of malaria.
It typically occurs in cycles, with fever spikes followed by periods of sweating and chills.
Chills and shivering: Along with fever, patients with malaria may experience intense chills and shivering.
Headache: Many individuals with malaria experience severe headaches, which can be throbbing or constant.
Muscle and joint pain: Malaria infection can cause muscle and joint pain, often described as a deep ache.
Fatigue and weakness: Malaria can lead to extreme fatigue and weakness, making it difficult to carry out daily activities.
Nausea and vomiting: Some people with malaria may experience nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite.
Sweating: Profuse sweating, especially during the fever-reducing stages, is common in malaria infections.
Abdominal pain: In certain types of malaria, individuals may experience abdominal pain, often accompanied by diarrhea.
Anemia: Malaria can cause a decrease in red blood cells, leading to anemia. Symptoms of anemia include pale skin, fatigue, and shortness of breath.
Jaundice: In severe cases or specific types of malaria, jaundice may occur, characterized by yellowing of the skin and eyes.
Ways of preventing malaria infection.
Take Malaria Medicine
Use an EPA-registered insect repellent
Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants
Keep mosquitoes out of your hotel room or lodging
Sleep under a mosquito net.
Is there a vaccine against malaria?
There’s a vaccine for children which was developed and tested in Ghana, Kenya and Malawi in a pilot program.
The RTS, S/ AS01 vaccine is effective against Plasmodium falciparum malaria, which causes severe disease in children.